Hemoglobin (levels/anemia)

✔ What is Hemoglobin? 


Hemoglobin (sometimes abbreviated as Hb) could be a complicated super-molecule found in red blood cells that contains AN iron molecule. the most perform of hemoglobin is to hold chemical element from the lungs to the body tissues, and to exchange the chemical element for CO2, so carry the CO2 back to the lungs and wherever it’s changed for chemical element. The iron molecule in hemoglobin helps maintain the traditional form of red blood cells.

✔ What Are Normal Hemoglobin Values?


Normal hemoprotein values area unit associated with the person’s age and sex. traditional values could vary slightly between take a look at systems, and that teams of doctors have determined “normal values” for his or her cluster of patients; but, the worth ranges area unit shut (vary by regarding zero.5 g/dl) for pretty much each cluster. Associate in Nursing example of traditional ranges that’s wide accepted by family medicine physicians is as follows:

  • Female
    • Age 12-18 years: 12.0 to 16.0 g/dl (mean 14.0 g/dl)
    • Age >18 years: 12.1 to 15.1 g/dl (mean 14.0 g/dl)
  • Male
    • Age 12-18 years: 13.0 to 16.0 g/dl (mean 14.5 g/dl)
    • Age >18 years: 13.6 to 17.7 g/dl (mean 15.5 g/dl)
✔ Symptoms


A shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, and chest pain may be symptoms of low hemoglobin.

Typical symptoms of low hemoglobin include:

  • weakness
  • shortness of breath
  • dizziness
  • fast, irregular heartbeat
  • pounding in the ears
  • headache
  • cold hands and feet
  • pale or yellow skin
  • chest pain
✔ Risk factors 


People who do vigorous exercise are at bigger risk, as travail will cause a breakdown of red blood cells within the blood. ladies United Nations agency ar ill or pregnant may additionally be at enhanced risk of developing anemia.

People who have chronic health conditions, as well as reaction conditions, disease, thyroid sickness and inflammatory gut sickness, might have lower haemoprotein levels, that will increase the possibilities of developing anemia.

Hemoglobin levels increase in things wherever someone desires additional gas in their body. Consequently, somebody United Nations agency has respiratory organ or nephropathy, who smokes, or is dehydrated, could also be in danger of enhanced haemoprotein levels.

✔ How to prevent


While many sorts of anemia can not be prevented, uptake iron-rich foods, like beef, dark inexperienced leafed vegetables, dried fruits, and daft will stop anemia caused by iron or nutriment deficiencies.

Meat and dairy farm ar sensible sources of vitamin B, and B vitamin is found in citrus juices, legumes, and fortified cereals.

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