Weight Training

Weight training is a common type of strength training for developing the strength and size of skeletal muscles. It utilizes the force of gravity in the form of weighted bars, dumbbells or weight stacks in order to oppose the force generated by muscle through concentric or eccentric contraction. Weight training uses a variety of specialized equipment to target specific muscle groups and types of movement.


  • Sports where strength training is central are bodybuilding, weightlifting, power-lifting, and strongman, highland games, shot put, discus throw, and javelin throw.
  • Many other sports use strength training as part of their training regimen.American football, baseball, basketball, football, hockey, lacrosse, mixed martial arts, rowing, rugby league, rugby union, track and field, boxing and wrestling.
  • Strength training for other sports and physical activities is popular.

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All muscles are broken into pairs consisting of an extensor muscle and a flexor muscle. These muscles complement each other and work in opposition to one another, flexing while the other is extending and vice versa. Some muscle pairs relevant to weight training are:

Muscles Part of the body
Pectorals/latissimus dorsi Chest/back
Anterior deltoids/posterior deltoids Front of the shoulder/back of the shoulder
Trapezius/deltoids Upper back/shoulder
Abdominus rectus/spinal erectors Abdomen/lower back
Left and right external obliques Left side of abdomen/right side of abdomen
Quadriceps/hamstrings Front of thigh/back of thigh
Tibialis anterior/gastrocnemius Shin/calf
Biceps/triceps Top of upper arm/underside of upper arm